Three Rivers
Hudson~Mohawk~Schoharie
History From America's Most Famous Valleys

New York In The Revolution as Colony and State
by James A. Roberts, Comptroller
Compiled by Frederic G. Mather
Second Edition 1898

Two Volumes

Claims for Damages by the Enemy

No Claims, against the State are more pathetic than those for Damages by the Raids of the Enemy. Some of the comments were as follows:-"The Robbers has taken out of my House "; " His wife after being taken prisoner and a child of 18 mos murthered "; " To one sonKild "; " Two brothers murthered and his father taken "; " by the wanton destruction of the Enemy "; " Widow ot ------- who was Killed by the Enemy and all his effects burned';

" by the Enemys to America "; " Killet and Daken of this Fammely My Father and Mother My Brothers wife with 8 Children and one sarvan maith one Brother Daken Brasnor [Prisoner] lost"; "by the Enemy, the Indians & worse as they, the British and Torrys";"His father killed by the Enemy "; "I loose more than Double the sum above, besides my son of Seventeen years of age who was killed same time "

A bill of Dammage of Isaac Davis May 22nd yr. 1780.
Bildings housses barens and barks valued att.............£250 0 0

Wheren Close of all my famaly valued att................34 14 0

Waggon an plow gers all Complete valued att............20 10 0

three beds garnished wed all valued att.................20 0 0

horsses and Ship and bids valued att...................12 0 0

Chist and Sugger and money valued att.................19 3 0

Houssel furnish all valued att...........................15 0 0

fences gren and apeltrees valued att...................12 10 0

horn Cuttels to they valued att........................7 16 0

Arms and Cutterments Sords and pistils..............7 18 0

Hoksseds pots an Cartels att......................... 4 0 0

taner and Currermen tolls att..........................7 10 0

Sleys and gers wed all att.............................6 10 0

Sadals bridles Sets and Sids att...................6 10 0

Carpentters tuls wed all Complete att.............4 10 0

Sumekers tuls and lader att..........................3 0 0

Total £465 11 0

Dated 12 Feby. Isaac Davis.

The Claims are more accurately localized than is the case with any other class of Claims. In
Albany County the sufferers lived in the Districts of East Rensselaerwyck, Hoosack, Saratoga, Schenectady and Schoharie-the latter District having been raided in 1778, 1780 and 1781. The great majority ol the Claims from this County, however, arose from the Invasion of Gen. Burgoyne, in 1777. Some ot them began in May, when he was at Ticonderoga, others follow on his track Southward to his deleat at Saratoga; and. still others refer to Damages by his Troops " on their way to Boston ".

An Estimation of Damages Dun by The Enemy at the time When General Borguyn Was Douon with his army in this quarter in year 1777.
To Cornelius Van Veghten at Saratoga.
His Dwelling house Computed ..................................... £ 250 0 0

A Large new baron with Egetant Bildings of 3 Berrags and Sheep pan and Corn

houses .. . . ........................................................... 250 0 0

1 Stoor hous ................................................................ 140

I Greise mill ........................................................... 320 0 0

I Dwelling hous oi my miller .......................................... 0000

The army Laing at this place not apennal of fence left on this farm which I
Supose I cannot have Egin for ........................................... 60 0 0

one wind mill ............................................................... 7 0 0

5 Eyron Shad Slays .................................................... 28 0 0

3 plows .............................................................. 14 0 0

2 Harres .... ............................................................ 800

6 Horn Cattle .......................................................... 24 0 0

7 Hors lind . . ........................................................... 70 0 0

45 Hogs lind ............................................................ 40 0 0

a quantety of Grean Left in the Stoorhouse and in the mill which I cannot account for,
31 Jany. Cornelius Van Veghten.

In Charlotte County, as in Albany, most of the Claims followed in the wake of Burgoyne's Expedition, including some relating to the retreat at Fort Edward, in July, 1777. There are others in connection with Major Charlton's Party, Oct. 10, 1780. The Districts of the County that suffered the most were:- Fort Edward, Kingsbury, Lake Champlain and White Creek; and some of Claims give additional light to the history of the settlements along Lake Champlain. The story of William Gilliland's life was particularly sad.

ESTIMATE of Loss sustained by William Gilliland and his Tenants formerly of Lake Champlain, in the State of New York, since the commencement of the present War, suposed
by the Depredations of the Enemy. Vizt.

Specie

15 Head of Horned Cattle left behind on his plantations and at Hospital

Point, ...................................................Value £ 119 8

5 Horses and Mares " do " and at Crown Point when that Garrison was evacuated............................. 60

11 or 12 Swine besides pigs ............................................ 26

Bulky Furniture and farming Utensils left behind, Looms etc.............. 150

A large Quantity of Manufactured and some new Iron and Steel Burned, but supposed to be found by the Enemy, some of those Who assisted in Burying them having gone to the Enemy................................. 100

3 New Pot-Ash Kettles left behind......................................... 60

Grist Saw Mills Burned, he is informed by the Enemy ..................... 250

Specie

4 Different Farm Houses of my own " Ditto ".. .......................... £ 200

24 Dwelling Houses of my Tenants who were greatly in my Debt togetherwith Barns and other out-houses and some fences said to be destroyed bythe Enemy ................................. ...................... 1200

Effects left at Ticonderoga and said to be taken or destroyed by the Enemy ... 44 8

Several Acres of Flax left behind to be used or destroyed by the Enemy, if not rotted .......................................................... 10

An Original Map of Lake Champlain, laid down from an actual Survey, finelyembellished, with several private surveys thereon of my own making, saidto be lost by Genl. Arnold when he was defeated by the Enemy on theLake, Cost more than . ........................................... 30

Computed Value of a Crop sold Udney Hay for the use of one Army which he refuses to pay for, because used or destroyed by the Enemy, as he aledges ........................................................ 656 15

Property sent for me from Montreal to St. John's to be forwarded to me in 1775 by Mr. Dan'l. Turner, and and which I have been informed fell into the Enemies hands at that post ..................................... 29 4

Oak Timber and Hay Cutt on my Lands by the Enemy, or those within their Lines, some possesion to a large amount as I am informed and may be in Value .................................................. 1000

£3943 15 10

State of New York Ss. William Gilliland late of Lake Champlain but at present of the City and County of Albany Merchant being duly Sworn Deposith and saith, that the within Account in the manner and form in which it is charged Contains the Articles of real and personal property, which he verily believes was taken burnt used or destroyed by the Enemy- And that the prices stated opposite the respective Articles, are reasonable according to the best of his knowledge and belief. William Gilliland.
Sworn before me this 25th., day of February 1782.

Robert Yates.

Dutchess County seemed to escape with but a few Claims for Damages, except" When the Enemy surprized our Guard at Ward's House ". Westchester County sent in several Claims due to the burning of houses when the British Army occupied Peekskill, in March, 1777. The latter Claims were accompanied by the statements of Appraisers appointed to value the buildings. Orange County sent in no Claims that appear among the documents.

The County of Tryon was the worst sufferer. Bills for Damages were sent from the following localities:-Andreastown, Beaver Dam, Butlers borough, Canajoharie District, Caughnawaga District, Cherry Valley, Coenradt's Town, Curry's Town, Durlach, German Flats District, Herkimer's Town, Kingsland District, Jerseyfield, Little Falls, Mohawk District, Old England District, Palatine District, Remasniders Bush, Saggenigo, Sand Flats, Springfield, Stone Arabia, Warrensborough, Warren's Bush.

The second Raid of Sir John Johnson, in October, 1780, was the cause of nearly all the claims in Tryon County. Full descriptions will be found in the " Public Papers of George Clinton", in "The Northern Invasion", by Franklin B. Hough, 1866; in "Schoharie County and
Border Wars of New York", by J. R. Sims, 1845; and in "The Old New York Frontier", by Francis Whiting Halsey, 1900. Briefly stated, the object of the Raid was to cut off the supplies upon which General Washington depended; and to destroy the resources of all, in the valleys of the Mohawk and the Schoharie, who were friendly to the American Cause. Johnson's Army, organized in Canada, made a detour to the westward and began by attacking the three Forts on the Schoharie, none of which were taken. The Enemy devastated the Schoharie valley, and continued the work in the Mohawk valley. They defeated Col. John Brown at Fort Paris (Palatine Bridge); but, in the end, they were defeated by Gen. Robert Van Rensselaer, and fled. The documents give the dates when the following places were raided:-Caughnawaga.0ct .l8; Durlach, Stone Arabia and Mohawk District, Oct. 19; Warrensborough, Oct. 25.

The documents also record a Raid, by John Dockstader, July 9, 1781. On Oct. 24, of that year, about 700 British and Indians, under Maj. Ross and Maj. Walter Butler, entered Curry-
town, among the Mohawk River settlements. They continued on the south bank of the River,
burning buildings and taking Prisoners. From Auriesville, they proceed to Fort Hunter, crossed the Schoharie River and went as far as Yankee Hill in the present town of Florida. Thence they turned directly back to Johnstown. The next day. Col. Willett overtook then near Johnson Hall, and the Enemy retreated to the East and West Canada Creeks.

Earlier Raids had been made on Cherry Valley, Nov. n, 1778; and on Caughnawaga, May 22, 1780; and still other Raids were made in 1782. Several Claims are made for " Damages
to the Oneidas and Tuscaroras, the Allies of the Confederated States ", Herkimer's Town and
the German Flats were raided at the time of the Battle of Oriskany, Aug. 6, 1777. The latter
was also raided in Sept., 1778.

A List of the Real and Personal Effects of Frederick Fisher Wantonly taken and destroyed by the Enemy in the Year 1780.
A Dwelling House-Burnt................................................ £ l00 0 0

2 Beds and Bedding......................................................20 16

Mens and Womens Ware ...............................................23 4

A Tea Kittle.........................................................................4

A Brass Kittle................................................................0 9

Plates ..........................................................................19 19

Earthen Ware................................................................1 11

2 Brass Ladles....................................................................0 9

A Silver Mounted Sword......................................................7

2 Guns..............................................................................1 10

Holstors and Pistols.............................................................2 16

A Saddle Bridle and Saddle Bags.....................................3 4

A pair Boots................................................................1 12

2 Negroes and a wench - carryed off .......................................240

A Barn and 2 Barracks Burnt .............................................35

12 Load Hay do .............................................................15

50 Scipples Indian Corn do 3/...............................................7 10

2 Horses-carryed off..................................................................30

A Set Horse Harness................................................22 10

£ 494 7 0

State of New York Ss. Frederick Fisher being duly sworn deposith and saith that the above Account contains the Articles belonging to him which were burnt or destroyed or carryed off
by the Enemy and that the prices affixed opposite to the same are reasonable. Sworn before me this day of Jany. 1782. Fredk. Fisher [Col.] Robt. Yates.

State of New York Tryon County. An Account of the Damages which Samuel Campbell of Cherry Valley have Sustained by the Enemy on the Eleventh of November 1778.

£ S D
To one Dwelling house burnt........................................ 150

To Two barns burnt..................................................... 150

To two horses taken away.............................................30

To two mears and one Coalt do.....................................20

To one Cow taken away..............................................5

To one beet burnt .........................................................5

To four fat hogs killed....................................................12

To one Negro boy carried off.........................................50

To one Waggon burnt....................................................7

To one Slay and Harness burnt...........................................6

To thirty Loads of hay do................................................ 30

To wheat and peas and oats burnt in the Straw....................50

To Corn and Potatoes and flax burnt...................................10

To one watch taken away.......................................................6

To two Sadls and bridles carryed off.................................5 10

To Cloathing and house all furniture burt or carryed off........200

To Cash taken away........................................................60

Jany. 25, 1782. £795 10 0

Saml. Campbell [Col.]

The Claims in Ulster County were, in most cases, for Damages when Kingston was turned by Gen. John Vaughan, Oct. 16, 1777:-

Memorandum of goods burnt by the Enemy in Kingston Eusopes-
One FetherBed Holld. Tick 1 Boulster, 1 Pillow, 1 Coverlin to the Bed,....£14 0 0

1 Bedsted 20/ One green Rug 55/........................ 3 15 0

2 larg Rose Blanckets............1 8

1 Larg lookinglass ..............6 0

2 Chaina Teapots................0 16

Eight Burnt Chaina Chocolate Cups.0 10
1/2 Doz. Tea Cups and saucers.0 14
Four do plates.............0 2

2 larg Cream Couler sauce Cups.0 4
1/2 Doz. Blew Chaina plates. . .
1/2 Doz. Cream Colour do ....0 6

One Dining Table Black Cherry wood.1 4
One do Teable larg..1
One larg Copper Kittle.3 13 9
One do Brass. .......1 12

Six Flat back Chairs...1 16

One holland Cubberd Neatly Adorned with wax Work. .10

One Barrel Soap. . .1 12

Three Wine Canters.. 0 6

One Chest wt Cloathing and linnen.1 10

One do wt Sundry books as 1 larg Dutch Bible.3

One larg Knibhe one Sermon book some of the others Divinity & some History.1 12

One New Spining Weale.............................1 12

Twelve Pictures wt Glass over, forgot the price alow . .18

One larg Knot Bowl Cost.1 4

Two larg Knot Bowls Cost 32/ one do 8/.£ 2

Two Beds wt Straw or Straw Beds.........2 10

Two fine workt Baskets ...................0 16

One Tapend Water Crane..................0 6

Corn8. Van Santvoordt.

£ 54 17 3

After some of the worst efforts of the Enemy had been made, the Legislature, Nov. 22, 1781,
passed this Concurrent Resolution:-

Resolved that the honorable the Chief Justice and puisne justic of the Supreme Court of Judi-
cature of this State for the time being, be, and they are hereby respectively authorized and re-
quested to collect returns and evidence in the manner described in the letter from the Honorable
Robert R. Livingston Esqr of the i2th instant to his Excellency the Governor of this State
attendant on his Excellency's Message of this Day of the Damage done by the Enemy within
this State, by the wanton destruction of property, and that the Legislature will make provision
tor defraying the Expense attendant on this Business and for compensating the Chief Justice and
puisne justices for their services herein.

Judge Robert Yates acted under this Resolution. He gave two separate Reports to the
Legislature; one of them in 1781, and the other without a date. His charge was 2/- pr each
deposition.

State of New York to Robert Yates Dr.

To taking a Number of Depositions respecting Losses sustain'd by the Depredation of the
Enemy in the Northern Parts of this State Vizt 227 a 2/ £ 22. .14..
[This Account was audited and paid in 1790]

The following were Claimants for Damages by the Enemy:-

Albany County

Abeel James
Ball Johannis
Bauck Johannis
Bauck John William
Bauck Thomas
Bauck William
Beck Martinus
Becker Abraham
Becker Albertus
Becker Harmanus
Becker Isaac
Becker Johannes Jos.
Becker John

Becker John Albertus
Becker Peter
Becker Storm
Becker Storm, jr.
Belknap Abel
Bellinger Johannis
Bellinger Marcus
Bergh Philip
Borll Johannis
Borst Baltus
Borst Hendrick
Brown Christian, Capt.
Cramer Charles
Davis Catherina
Deitz William
Eckeson Thomas
Eckeson Tiunes
Enters Peter
Enters Jacob
Forster Anna
Forster George
Freymier Johannes
Graham John
Hills George
Honak Henry
Kercher Philip
Kest Richard
Kniskern Johannes
Kniskern William
Koeningh Michael
Lansing Garret J.
Lansing Isaac N.
Lawyer Jacob
Lawyer Johannis
Lawyer Lorence
Luke Jacob
McCrea John
Mann Peter
Mattise Johannis
Merkel John
Merkle Hendricik
Meyer Christian
Nukel Gerrit C.
Nukerk John
Porks Daniel
Rechtmeyer George
Reinhardt George Fr.
Rickart Eva
Rickart George
Rickert Johannes
Robinson Charles
Schaefer Jacob
Schaffer Martinis
Scheffer Jost
Schell Jost
Schelman George
Schneider Peter
Shafer Hendrick
Sidnich Wiiliam
Sillenick Harmanus
Snyder William
Sternberg Abraham
Sternberger Nicklas
Sternbergh David
Stubrach Hendrick
Swart Peter
Swart Tuenis
Taylor Jeremiah
Van den bergh Evert
Van den bergh John
Van Slick Marteynis
Vroman Adam
Vroman Peter I.
Vrooman Barent
Vrooman Barent, Jr.
Vrooman Johan
Vrooman Peter
Vrooman Simon
Vrooman Tunis
Waite William
Warner George
Warner Nicholas
Wendell Abraham
Wendell Evert
Werth John Jacob
Winne Daniel
Winne John
Yates Peter
Zielie Martinis
Ziellie Peter, Jr.
Zimmer Jacob

Charlotte County

Baker Albert
Belknap Abel
Bitler John
Bristoll Silas
Durkee James
Durkee Thomas
Gilliland William
Harris Elizabeth
Harris Moses
Moor James
Moor James, jr.
Parks David
Sanders Peter
Sherwood Seth
Vallance David
Watson John
Wilson Samuel
Winne Peter

Ducthess County Crane Joseph, Dr.

Tryon County

Abeel John
Antus Coenrat
Armstrong Archibald
Badas Michael
Bader Michael
Baldsperger John
Banner Johannis
Barbelat Jacob
Barden Michael
Barth Margaret (Widow)
Baschou John
Batcheller Zephaniah
Baxter Thomas
Bell Dorothy (Widow)
Bellinger John
Bellinger Peter, jr.
Bellinger William
Bennett Amos
Bowman Eva
Boyay Catharine
Boyer John
Brookman Godfried
Campbell James
Campbell John
Campbell Samuel, Col.
Cannan Andrew
Cannon Matthew
Clyde Samuel, Col.
Coppernoll Nicholas
Coppernoll Richard
Crissman Gottfried
Cristman Frederick
Cristman Jacob
Cristman Nicholas, sr.
Cromwell Jacobus
Dachsteder John Nicholas
Davis Jacob
Davis James, jr.
Davis Patrick
Davis Thomas
Deline William
Dellinbagh John
Dickson James
Diefendorff Jacob, Jr.
Dietz Jacobus
Dietz John
Dietz William
Dockstader Frederick
Dorrs Matthias
Doxstadder George
Durmot Michael
Earnest Christian
Ecker George
Ecker Jacob
Eliot Andrew
Ellwood Peter
Finck Andrew
Fisher Frederick, Col.
Folmer Thomas
Foltz Peter
Fonda Adam
Fonda Jelles
Fonda John
Foror Rudolph
Fox Frederick
Fox George
Fox John
Frank Albart
Frank Frederick
Frank Johannis
Frank John
Frank Lawrence
Frank Timothy
Frantz Sebastian
Gardener Samuel
Gardenier Jacob
Gettman Frederick
Gibson William
Gordon Robert
Grim Henry
Guile John
Haag Frederick
Hall William
Hansen Hendrick
Hansen Nicholas
Hansen Peter
Harnes John
Haywisen Martin
Herder Lawrence
Harter Henry
Hess Augustinis, jr.
Hess Augustinus, sr
Hess Frederick
Hess Johannes
Hess John
HesslerJohn
Hews Catharine
Hews James
Heyser John
Hoff Richard
House Joseph
Hunt Timothy
Hyer Peter
Iseman John
Ittig Christian
Keller Henry
Keller Johannes
Keltz Conrath
Kennedy James
Kennedy Robert
Kentor John
KeslerJohn, jr.
Kessler John
Kinkead Crownidge
Klumph Thomas
Kortright Henry
Lambet Peter
Lampfor Peter
Lewis Adam
Lewis David
Lewis Frederick
Lewis Hendrick
Lively Simon
Loucks Henry
Loup William
Lythaal Niclas
Mabie Harmanus
McCollom Daniel
McDermid Michael
McGraw Daniel
McKillip John
McKillup Archibald
McKown James
Marlatt Mark
Marr James
Miller Henry
Miller Valentine
Mitchell Hugh
Moor James
Moore Jacob
Moore John
Notman Jacob
Nukerk George C.
Nukle John
Ohrendorff George
Ohrendorff Peter
Ohrendorph Frederick
Ohrendorph Frederic, jr.
Ohrendorph John
Oneidas & Tuscaroras
Oothout Abraham
Osterhout John
Park John
Petri Johannes M.
Petri Mars
Retry John Marks
Petry William
Philipse Volkert
Phillips William
Pifer Peter
Potman David
Potman David, Jr.
Potman Frederick
Quackenboss Abraham, jr,
Quackenboss Peter J.
Quackenbush Myndert W.
Raspoll Martes
Relley John
Remsnyder Hendrick
Rickey James
Rung Hendrick
Ryckart Lodowick
Sammons Samson
Schell Johannes
Schimmell Francis
Schmit Johannes
Schoemaker John
Schoemaker Thomas
Seroos Christian
Shaddack Thomas
Shallop Frederick
Shell John, sr.
Shew Godfrey
Shoemaker Frederick
Shultys Christopher
Slouwits (Widow)
Small Susanna (Widow)
Smith John
Snock William
Spornheyer William
Staring Adam
Starring Nicholas
Steen Conrad
Stine William
Throop George
Tillebagh John
Toror Rudolph
Van Alstine Gilbert
Van Brackelen Gysbert
Van Brackelen Nicholas
Van den berg Wynant
Van der merk John
Van der Wycke John
Van Eps Charles
Van Eps John E.
Veeder Abraham
Veeder Johannis
Veeder Volkert
Vrooman Henry
Warts Matise
Waset George
Weatherstraw Henry
Weaver Nicholas
Wempel Barent
Wempel Margareta
Wemple John B.
Wever Jacob
Wicks Samuel
Wiilson Andrew
Willson James
Wiilson Samuel
Wimer Andrew
Winkel John
Wohleben Abraham
Wolleben Peter
Woolhaver Jacob
Young Adam
Zieleis John

Ulster County

Beckman Cornelius
Bogardus Nicholas
Cox David
De Lametter David
De Witt Jacob R., Capt.
Doyl Charles
Dumon Peter
Dumond Egbert
Elmendorph Abraham
Elmendorph Arent
Elmendorph Conradt C.
Elmendorph Cornelius
Elmendorph Jacobus & Cornelius
Eitinge William
Freer Abraham
Freer Samuel
Groen Jacob Marinus
Hasbrouck Abraham
Hasbrouck Elias
Hodlor Peter
Hoffman Anthony
Houghtaling Teunes
Houghtaling Wilhelmus
Low Jacobus
McDowell James
McLeanJohn
Masten Benjamin
Persen Adam
Persen Johannis
Persen Matthew & Alida
Roggen Franz & Peter
Sleght Johannis
Sleght Tennis
Smart Petrus
Snyder Johannis
Swart Adam
Tappen Christopher
Ten Brook Jacob
Tremper Jacob
Van Gaasbeck Abraham
Van Santvoordt Cornelius
Wittaker John
Wynkoop Dirck

Westchester County-- Hunt Phinehas

The following Claims for Damages cannot be identified, as to location. It is probable that most of them were caused by Johnson's Raids in the valley of the Mohawk.
Bancker Evert
Banda MHchior
Carner Charles
Cunnmgham William
Davis Elizabeth
Davis Isaac
Docksteder John
Doty Isaac
Fisher Catharine
Hansen Barant
Hen Marka
Hesler Conradt
Ittig Michael
Kelly John
Kock Jurgen
Kock Soferines
Lansing Abraham
Lansing Gerret A.
Lansing Isaac H.
Lewis Peter
Mabee Petrus
McDavitt Charles
Marks (Mr.)
Newkirk Abraham
Patingill William
Potman Cornelius
Poyar John
Rechtmeyer George Christian
Scott James
Snell Adam
Steens John
Sternberger Abraham
Tisese John
Van Alstine Jacob
Van den bergh Cornelius
Van Everah Cornelius
Van Everah John
Van Schaick Jacob
Van Valkenburgh Abraham
Van Valkenburgh Jacob
Van Veghten Cornelius
Vroman Bartholomew
Vroman Jonas
Vrooman Peter C.
Weaver George
Weaver Johan George

Copyright 1998, -- 2003. Berry Enterprises. All rights reserved. All items on the site are copyrighted. While we welcome you to use the information provided on this web site by copying it, or downloading it; this information is copyrighted and not to be reproduced for distribution, sale, or profit.

Contents Introduction Links Home